Old Names for Herbs – A to Z

from various sources

In the old days, herbalists and midwives didn’t use textbook botanical names for herbs. Medicinal and magical plants had colorful descriptive names. Often, old books about magic and herbal healing use the folk names instead of the names commonly used today, and it can be confusing. Tongue of Dog? Blood of Goose? Do you really think witches cut off tongues of dogs? Or take blood from geese? Ummm…NO! They were just pseudonym names for the herbs to keep them secret. So, here is an alphabetical listing of those names, along with the common and botanical names in current use. You’ll notice that some plants have a variety of names, and some names refer to a variety of plants.

A
• A Bone of an Ibis: BuckthornRhamnus cathartica
• A Hawk’s Heart: Heart of WormwoodArtemisia absinthium
• A Lion’s Hairs: Tongue of a Turnip [i.e., the leaves of the taproot]Brassica napus
• A Man’s Bile: Turnip SapBrassica napus
• A Pig’s Tail: Leopard’s BaneArnica montana
• A Titan’s Blood: Wild LettuceLactuca virosa
• Aaron’s Rod: GoldenrodSolidago Virgaurea -or- Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Absinthe: WormwoodArtemisia Absinthium
• Adder’s Fork: BistortPolygonum Bistorta
• Adder’s Mouth: ChickweedStellaria Media
• Adder’s Tongue: Dogstooth VioletErythronium multiscapoideum
• Alison: AlyssumAlyssum spp
• An Eagle: Wild GarlicAllium sativum
• Angel Food: AngelicaAngelica archangelica
• Angel’s Trumpet: Jimsonweed/DaturaDatura Stamonium
• Apple of Carthage: PomegranatePunica Granatum
• Archangel: AngelicaAngelica archangelica
• Artemis Herb: MugwortArtemisia Vulgaris
• Ass’s Ear: Comfrey Symphytum Officinale -or- ColtsfootTussilago Farfara
• Ass’s Foot: ColtsfootTussilago Farfara
• Auld Man’s Bells: BluebellsScilla Nutans, Scilla non-scripta, Hyacinthoides non-scripta

B
• Bad Man’s Oatmeal: HemlockConium Maculatum
• Bad Man’s Plaything: YarrowAchillea millefolium
• Bastard: False or White DittanyDictamnus Albus
• Bat’s Wings: HollyIlex Aquifolium
• Beard of the Monk: ChicoryCichorium Intybus
• Bear’s Foot: Lady’s MantleAlchemilla Vulgaris
• Bear’s Grape: Poke RootPhytolacca decandra -or- Uva UrsaArctostaphylos Uva-Ursi
• Bear’s Paw: Root Male FernDryopteris Felix-mas
• Bear’s Weed: Yerba SantaEryodictyon californicum
• Beggar’s Buttons: BurdockArctium Lappa
• Beggar’s Lice: HoundstongueCynoglossum officinale
• Bird’s Eye: Germander or SpeedwellTeucrium chamaedrys
• Bird’s Foot: FenugreekTrigonella Foenum-graecum
• Bird’s Nest: Indian PipeMonotropa Uniflora
• Bishop’s Elder: BetonyStachys Officinalis, Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Betonica
• Bishop’s Leaves: Water FigwortScrophularia Aquatica
• Bishop’s Wort: BetonyStachys Officinalis, Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Betonica
• Bitter Grass: Ague RootAletris Farinosa
• Black Sampson: EchinaceaEchinacea purpurea, Echinacea pallida, & Echinacea angustifolia
• Blazing Star: Ague RootAletris Farinosa
• Blind Eyes: PoppiesPapaver Spp. & Somniferum
• Blood: Elder sap (or another tree sap) – Sambucus Nigra
• Blood from a Head: LupineLupinus perennis, Lupinus polyphyllus
• Blood from a Shoulder: Bear’s BreachAcanthus spinosus
• Blood of a Goose: Milk of the Mulberry TreeMorus nigra
• Blood of a Snake: Hematite – mineral form of Iron oxide (Fe2O3)
• Blood of an Eye: Tamarisk GallTamarix orientalis
• Blood of Ares: Purslane Portulaca Spp. -or- Portulaca sativa
• Blood of Hephaistos: WormwoodArtemisia Absinthium
• Blood of Hestia: ChamomileAnthemis Nobilis
• Bloodwort: YarrowAchillea Millefolium
• Bloody Butcher: ValerianValeriana Officinalis
• Bloody Fingers: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Blue Bottle: Bachelor’s ButtonsCentaurea Cyanus
• Boy’s Love: SouthernwoodArtemisia Abrotanum
• Brain Thief: MandrakeAtropa Mandragora
• Bread and Cheese Tree: HawthorneCrataegus oxyacantha
• Bride of the Meadow: MeadowsweetEupatorium Purpureum
• Bride of the Sun: CalendulaCalendula Officinalis
• Brown Dragon: Wake RobinArisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
• Bull’s Blood: HorehoundMarrubium Vulgare
• Bull’s Foot: ColtsfootTussilago Farfara
• Bull’s Semen: Egg of a Blister Beetlebeetles (Coleoptera) of the family Meloidae
• Burning Bush: White DittanyDictamnus albus
• Buttons: TansyTanacetum Vulgare
C
• Calf’s Snout: SnapdragonAntirrhinum Magus
• Candelmas Maiden: SnowdropGalanthus nivalis
• Candlewick Plant: MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Capon’s Tail: ValerianValeriana Officinalis
• Carpenter’s Herb: Sweet BugleLycopus Virginicus
• Carpenter’s Square: Knotted FigwortScrophularia nodosa
• Carpenter’s Weed: YarrowAchillea millefolium
• Cat: CatnipNepta Cataria
• Cat’s Foot: White BalsamGnaphalium polycephalum -or- Canada Snake RootAsarum Canadensis -or- Ground IvyGlechoma hederacea
• Cat’s Herb: ValerianValeriana Officinalis
• Chameleon Star: BromeliadVriesia, Billbergia, Aechmae, Annanas, Bromelia, Guzmania, Cryptanthus, Neoreglia spps
• Cheeses: Marsh MallowAlthaea Officinalis
• Christ’s Eye: Vervain SageSalvia Verbenaca
• Christ’s Ladder: CentauryErythraea Centaurium
• Christ’s Spear: Adder’s Tongue FernOphioglossum Vulgatum
• Church Steeples: AgrimonyAgrimonia Eupatoria, Agrimonia Gyposepala
• Chocolate Flower: Wild GeraniumGeranium manculatum
• Clear Eye: Clary SageSalvia sclarea
• Cleavers: BedstrawGalium Verum, G. Triforum
• Click: GoosegrassGalium aparine
• Clot: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Cocklebur: AgrimonyAgrimonia Eupatoria, Agrimonia Gyposepala
• Colt’s Tail: Canadian FleabaneErigeron Canadense
• Corpse Plant: Indian PipeMonotropa Uniflora
• Cuddy’s Lungs: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Crane’s Bill: Wild GeraniumGeraniaum Maculatum
• Crocodile Dung: Ethiopian Soil
• Crowdy Kit: FigwortScrophularia nodosa
• Crow Foot: Wild GeraniumGeraniaum Maculatum -or- Wood AnemoneAnemone Nemorosa
• Crown for a King: WormwoodArtemisia Absinthium
• Cuckoo’s Bread: Common PlantainPlantago major
• Cucumber Tree: MagnoliaMagnolia acuminate

D
• Dagger Flower: Blue FlagIris versicolor
• Daphne: Bay LaurelLaurus nobilis
• Dead Man’s Bells: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Death Angel: AgaricAmanita Muscaria
• Death Cap: AgaricAmanita Muscaria
• Death Flower: YarrowAchillea millefolium
• Death’s Herb: BelladonnaAtropa belladonna
• Delight of the Eye: RowanSorbus Spp.
• Devil Plant: Sweet BasilOcimum Basilicum
• Devil’s Apple: MayapplePodophyllum peltaltum -or- MandrakeAtropa Mandragora
• Devil’s Beard: HouseleekSempervivum tectorum
• Devil’s Bit: False Unicorn RootChamaelirium luteum
• Devil’s Cherries: Belladonna Atropa belladonna
• Devils Dung: AsafoetidaFerula Foetida
• Devil’s Ear: Wake RobinArisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
• Devil’s Eye: HenbaneHyoscyamus Niger -or- PeriwinkleVinca major, Vinca minor
• Devil’s Flower: Bachelor’s ButtonsCentaurea cyanus
• Devil’s Fuge: MistletoeViscum Album
• Devil’s Guts: DodderCuscuta Europaea
• Devil’s Herb: BelladonnaAtropa belladonna
• Devil’s Milk: CelandineChelidonium Majus
• Devil’s Nettle: YarrowAchillea Millefolium
• Devil’s Plaything: YarrowAchillea Millefolium
• Devil’s Shoestring: Black HawVibrunum Prunifolium -or- Cramp BarkViburnum opulus -or- HobblebushViburnum alnifolium -or- North American Goat’s RueTephrosia virginiana
• Dew of the Sea: RosemaryRosemarinus Officinalis
• Dogberry: Brier HipsRosa Canina
• Dog’s Mouth: Snap DragonAntirrhinum Magus
• Dog’s Tongue: HoundstongueCynoglossum officinale
• Dove’s Foot: Wild GeraniumGeraniaum Maculatum
• Dragon: TarragonArtemisia Dracunculus
• Dragon Flower: Blue FlagIris versicolor
• Dragon Wort: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
• Dragon’s Blood: CalamusAcorus calamus
• Dragon’s Teeth: Blue VervainVerbena Officinalis
• Drunkard: CalendulaCalendula Officinalis
• Duck’s Foot: MayapplePodophyllum peltaltum
• Dulcamara: Woody NightshadeCelastrus scandens
• Dwale: Deadly NightshadeAtropa Belladonna

E
• Eagle: Wild GarlicAllium sativum
• Eardrops: Dutchman’s BreechesDicentra cucullaria
• Earth Smoke: FumitoryFumaria officinalis
• Earth Star: BromeliadVriesia, Billbergia, Aechmae, Annanas, Bromelia, Guzmania, Cryptanthus, Neoreglia spps
• Eerie: YarrowAchillea millefolium
• Egyptian Thorn: Gum ArabicAcacia senegal
• Egyptian Gum: Gum ArabicAcacia Senegal, A. Vera
• Elf Dock: ElecampaneInula Helenium
• Elf Leaf: LavenderLavendula officinale or L. vera -or-RosemaryRosemarinus Officinalis
• Elf’s Wort: ElecampaneInula Helenium
• Elven: Common ElmUlmus Campestris
• Enchanter’s Plant: Blue VervainVerbena Officinalis
• Englishman’s Foot: Common PlantainPlantago major
• Erba Santa Maria: SpearmintMentha suaveolens
• Everlasting Friendship: Goosegrass Galium Aparine
• Exile Tree: Be-StillThevetia nereifolia
• Eye of Christ: Germander or SpeedwellTeucrium chamaedrys
• Eye of Newt: A type of mustard seed with a black spotCruciferae; Brassica
• Eye of the Day: Common DaisyBellis Perennis
• Eye of the Star: White HorehoundMarrubium Vulgare
• Eye Root: GoldensealHydrastis Canadensis
• Eyes: Any “eye” flowers such as Daisies, Bachelor’s Buttons, Horehound, Aster, Eyebright, etc.
F
• Fairy Bells: Wood SorrelOxalis Acetosella
• Fairy Candles: Dutchman’s BreechesDicentra cucullaria
• Fairy Caps: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Fairy Cup: CowslipPrimula Veris
• Fairy Smoke: Indian PipeMonotropa Uniflora
• Fairy Thimbles: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Fairy Wand: Devil’s bitChamaelirium luteum -or- False Unicorn RootChamaelirium luteum
• Fairy’s Eggs: NutmegMyristica fragrans
• Fairy’s Glove: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Fat from a Head: SpurgeEuphorbia spp.
• Felon Herb: MugwortArtemisia Vulgaris
• Felonwood: Woody NightshadeCelastrus scandens
• Felonwort: CelandineChelidonium Majus -or- Woody NightshadeCelastrus scandens
• Field Hops: YarrowAchillea millefolium
• Five Fingers: BloodrootSanguinaria canadensis -or- CinquefoilPotentilla Reptans, Potentilla Erecta
• Flesh and Blood: BloodrootSanguinaria canadensis
• Flower of Death: PeriwinkleVinca major, Vinca minor
• Flower of Flowers: Ylang-YlangCananga odorata
• Flower of Immortality: Wild AmaranthAmaranthus Hypochondriacus
• Folk’s Glove: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Food of the Gods: AsafoetidaFerula Foetida
• Foxes’ Claws: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Fox’s Clote: BurdockArctium Lappa
• Friar’s Cap: AconiteAconitum Napellus, Agrimonia eupatoria
• Friar’s Cowl: Wake RobinArisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
• Frog’s Foot: Bulbous ButtercupRanunculus spp.
• From the Belly: Earth-Apple/PotatoSolanum tuberosum
• From the Foot: HouseleekSempervivum tectorum
• From the Loins: ChamomileAnthemis Nobilis
• Fruit of the Gods: ApplePyrus Spp, Malus spp.
• Fruit of the Underworld: ApplePyrus Spp, Malus spp.
G
• Gall of Goat: HoneysuckleLonicera Spp. -or- St. John’s WortHypericum perforatum
• Gallows: MandrakeAtropa Mandragora
• Ghost Flower: Indian PipeMonotropa Uniflora
• Ghost Pipe: Indian PipeMonotropa Uniflora
• Goat’s Foot: Ash WeedAegopodium podagraria
• Goat’s Leaf: HoneysuckleLonicera Spp.
• God’s Hair: Hart’s Tongue FernScolopendrium Vulgare
• Golden Star or Goldy Star: AvensGeum urbanum
• Good Luck Plant: Solomon’s Seal Polygonatum Multiflorum, Polygonatum Commutatum, Polygonatum Biflorum
• Goose Bill: GoosegrassGalium Aparine
• Goose Tongue: Lemon BalmMelissa officinalis
• Gosling Wing: GoosegrassGalium Aparine
• Grains of Paradise: CardamomElettaria cardamom
• Granny’s Bonnet: Columbine LeavesAquilegia Vulgaris, Aquilegia canadensis
• Great Ox-eye: Ox-eye DaisyChrysanthemum leucanthemum
• Gravelroot: MeadowsweetEupatorium purpureum
• Graveyard Dust: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Gypsy Herb: Sweet BugleLycopus Virginicus

H
• Hag’s Taper: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Hagthorn: HawthornCrataegus crusgalli
• Hair of Venus: True Maidenhair FernAdiantum Capillus-veneris
• Hairs of a Hamadryas Baboon: Dill SeedPeucedanum graveolens
• Hare’s Beard: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Hart’s Thorn: Common BuckthornRhamnus cathartica
• Hawk’s Heart: Wormwood HeartArtemisia Absinthium
• Heart Leaf: LiverwortAnemone hepatica, Peltigera canina
• Heart of Osmund: Royal FernOsmunda regalis
• Heart’s Ease: VioletViola odorata
• Hedgemaids: Dutchman’s BreechesDicentra cucullaria
• Hellweed: DodderCuscuta Europaea
• Herb of Angels: AngelicaAngelica archangelica
• Herb of Circe: MandrakeAtropa Mandragora
• Herb of Grace: Blue VervainVerbena Officinalis -or- RueRuta Graveolens
• Herb of Mary: PimpernelAnagallis Arvensis, Pimpinella spp.
• Herb of the Cross: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
• Herb Trinity: LiverwortAnemone hepatica, Peltigera canina
• Hind Heal: TansyTanacetum Vulgare
• Hind’s Tongue: Hart’s Tongue FernScolopendrium Vulgare
• Hog’s Bean: HenbaneHyoscyamus Niger
• Holy Grass: SweetgrassHierochloe odorata
• Holy Herb: Yerba SantaEryodictyon californicum
• Holy Rope: Hemp (Agrimony)Eupatorium cannabinum
• Hook and Arn: Yerba SantaEryodictyon californicum
• Horny Goat Weed: Common Polypody FernPolypodium Vulgare
• Horse Heal: Spikenard Inula Conyza
• Horse Hoof: ColtsfootTussilago Farfara
• Horse Tongue: Hart’s Tongue FernScolopendrium Vulgare
• Hundred Eyes: PeriwinkleVinca major, Vinca minor
• Hurtlesickle: Bachelor’s ButtonsCentaurea Cyanus
I
• Ibis Bone: BuckthornRhamnus cathartica
• Indian God Tree: BanyanFicus Benghalensis
• Innocence: BluetsHoustonia Caerulea
J
• Jack-Jump-About: BetonyStachys Officinalis, Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Betonica
• Jacob’s Ladder: CelandineChelidonium Majus -or- Lily of the valleyConvallaria Magalis
• Jacob’s Staff: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Jesuit’s Bark: CinchonaCinchona pubescens
• Joe Pye Weed: MeadowsweetEupatorium purpureum
• John the Conqueror: Galangal RootAlpinia Officianarum, Alpina officinalis, A. galanga
• Jove’s Flower: CarnationDianthus spp.
• Joy of the Mountain: Sweet MarjoramOriganum Marjorana
• Joy on the Ground: PeriwinkleVinca major, Vinca minor
• Juno’s Tears: Blue VervainVerbena Officinalis
• Jupiter’s Bean: HenbaneHyoscyamus Niger
• Jupiter’s Beard: HouseleekSempervivum tectorum
• Jupiter’s Nut: WalnutJuglans Species
• Jupiter’s Staff: Great MulleinVerbascum Thapsus
K
• Key of Heaven: CowslipPrimula Veris
• King Root: BloodrootSanguinaria canadensis
• King’s Clover: MelilotMelilotus officinalis, Melilotus alba, Melilotus arvensis
• King’s Crown: Black HawVibrunum Prunifolium
• Kitten’s Breeches: Dutchman’s BreechesDicentra cucullaria
• Knight’s Milfoil: YarrowAchillea millefolium
• Kronos’ Blood: Sap of the Cedar TreeThuja occidentalis, Thuja orientalis, Biota orientalis, Thuja articulata,Cupressus thujoides, Juniperus virginiana, Cedrus libani, Cedrela odorata, Libocedrus bidwillii, and many more.
L
• Ladder to Heaven: Lily of the valleyConvallaria Magalis
• Ladies’ Meat: HawthornCrataegus Oxycantha
• Ladies’ Seal: White Bryony/English MandrakeBryonia dioica
• Lad’s Love: SouthernwoodArtemisia Abrotanum
• Lady Bleeding: AmaranthAmaranthus Hypochondriacus
• Lady of the Meadow: MeadowsweetEupatorium Purpureum
• Lady of the Woods: BirchBetula Lenta
• Lady’s Cap: CowslipPrimula Veris
• Lady’s Foxglove: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Lady’s Glove: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Lady’s Smock: Cuckoo FlowerCardamine pratensis
• Lamb’s Ears: BetonyStachys Officinalis, Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Betonica
• Laurier Sauce: Bay LaurelLaurus nobilis
• Lion’s Foot: Lady’s MantleAlchemilla Vulgaris
• Lion’s Hair: Leaves of a Turnip’s taprootBrassica rapa
• Leopard’s Bane: ArnicaAmica Montana
• Lion’s Herb: Columbine LeavesAquilegia Vulgaris, Aquilegia canadensis
• Lion’s Tooth: DandelionTaraxacum Officinale
• Little Dragon: TarragonArtemisia Dracunculus
• Little Faces: VioletViola odorata
• Little Queen: MeadowsweetEupatorium Purpureum
• Lizard’s Leg: Creeping plants such as Ivy
• Lords and Ladies: Wake RobinArisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
• Love in Idleness: PansyViola tricolor
• Love Leaf: DamianaTurnera Aphrodisiaca, Turnera diffusa
• Love Leaves: BurdockArctium lappa
• Love Lies Bleeding: AmaranthAmaranthus Hypochondriacus -or- AnemoneAnemone Pulsatilla
• Love Man: GoosegrassGalium Aparine
• Love Parsley: LovageLevisticum Officinale
• Love Ro: LovageLevisticum Officinale
• Love Root: LovageLevisticum Officinale -or- Orris RootIris florentina
• Low John, Low John the Conqueror: Galangal RootAlpinia Officianarum, Alpina officinalis, A. galanga
• Lucky Hand: Male FernDryopteris Felix-mas
• Lucky Hand Root: Lucky Hand Orchid/Salep OrchidOrchis latifolia
• Lucky Nut: Be-StillThevetia nereifolia
• Lurk-in-the-Ditch: PennyroyalMentha Pulegium
M
• Mad Root: White Bryony/English MandrakeBryonia dioica
• Madwort: AlyssumAlyssum Spp
• Maiden Hair: True Maidenhair FernAdiantum Capillus-veneris
• Maiden’s Gum: Common ElmUlmus Campestris
• Maiden’s Ruin: SouthernwoodArtemisia Abrotanum
• Maid’s Hair: Lady’s BedstrawGalium verum
• Mangold: BeetBeta Vulgaris
• Man’s Bile: Turnip SapBrassica rapa
• Man’s Health: GinsengPanax quinquefolium
• Master of the Woods: WoodruffAsperula odorata
• Masterwort: Angelica Angelica archangelica
• May: Black HawViburnum prunifolum
• May Lily: Lily of the ValleyConvallaria magalis
• Maypops: Passion FlowerPassiflora incarnata
• May Rose: Black HawViburnum prunifolum
• Miracle of Nature: Century Plant/MagueyAgave americana
• Mistress of the Night: TuberosePolianthes tuberosa
• Monk’s Head: Dutchman’s BreechesDicentra cucullaria
• Monk’s Hood: AconiteAconitum Napellus, Agrimonia eupatoria
• Mortification Root: AltheaAlthaea Officinalis
• Mother of the Herbs: RueRuta Graveolens
• Mother of the Wood: BlackthornPrunus Spinosa
• Mother’s Heart: Shepherd’s PurseCapsella bursa-pastoris
• Musk of the Wood: WoodruffAsperula odorata
• Mutton Chops: GoosegrassGalium Aparine
N
• Naughty Man: MugwortArtemisia Vulgaris
• Naughty Man’s Cherries: BelladonnaAtropa belladonna
• Noah’s Ark: Ladies’ SlipperCypripedium pubescens, Cyprepedium parviflorum
• Nose Bleed: YarrowAchillea Millefolium
• Nose of Turtle: Turtle’s Cap/BalmonyChelone Glabra
O
• Old Gal: Elder BarkSambucus Nigra
• Old Lady: Elder BarkSambucus Nigra
• Old Maid’s Nightcap: Wild GeraniumGeraniaum Maculatum
• Old Man: MugwortArtemisia Vulgaris
• Old Man’s Flannel: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Old Man’s Mustard: YarrowAchillea millefolium
• Old Man’s Pepper: YarrowAchillea Millefolium
• Old Uncle Henry: MugwortArtemisia Vulgaris
• Old Woman: WormwoodArtemisia Absinthium
• Oliver: Olive Olea europaea
• Osmund the Waterman: Royal FernOsmunda regalis
• Our Herb: BasilOncimum basilicum
• Our Lady’s Flannel: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Our Lady’s Tears: Lily of the ValleyConvallaria Magalis
P
• Palma Christi: CastorRicinus communis
• Passions: BistortPolygonum Bistorta
• Password: PrimrosePrimula Vulgaris
• Peter’s Staff: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Physician’s Bone: Sandstone
• Pidgeon’s Grass: Blue VervainVerbena Officinalis
• Pigeon Berry: Poke RootPhytolacca decandra
• Pig’s Tail: Leopard’s Bane/ArnicaAmica Montana
• Pitchforks: Beggar’s TickBidens pilosa
• Plague Flower: ButterburPetasites Vulgaris, Tussilago Petasites
• Poor Man’s Meat: BeanPhaseolus Spp.
• Poor Man’s Treacle: GarlicAllium sativum
• Priest’s Crown: Dandelion LeavesTaraxacum Officinale
• Priest’s Pintle: Wake RobinArisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
• Prince’s Feather: AmaranthAmaranthus Hypochondriacus
• Princess Feather: AmaranthAmaranthus Hypochondriacus
• Pucha-pat: PatchouliPogostemon cablin Benth
• Purple Medic: Alfalfa Medicago Saliva
Q
• Quaker’s Bonnet: LupineLupinus polyphyllus
• Queen of the Meadow: MeadowsweetEupatorium Purpureum
• Queen of the Meadow Root: MeadowsweetEupatorium purpureum
• Queen of the Night: Vanilla CactusCereus Grandiflorus
• Queen’s Delight: QueensrootStillingia sylvatica
R
• Racoon Berry: MayapplePodophyllum peltaltum
• Ram’s Head: American Valerian/Ladies’ SlipperCypripedium pubescens, Cypripedium parviflorum
• Ram’s Thorn: Common BuckthornRhamnus cathartica
• Rat Root: Calamus RootAcorus calamus
• Red Cockscomb: AmaranthAmaranthus Hypochondriacus
• Red Robin: KnotgrassPolygonum aviculare
• Resurrection Plant: Rose of JerichoAnastatica hierochuntica
• Ring-o-Bells: BluebellsScilla Nutans, Scilla non-scripta, Hyacinthoides non-scripta
• Robin-Run-in-the-Grass: GoosegrassGalium Aparine
• Robin-Run-in-the-Hedge: Ground IvyGlechoma hederacea
S
• Satan’s Apples: MandrakeAtropa Mandragora
• Scaldhead: BlackberryRubus Fructicosus
• Scale of Dragon: TarragonArtemisia Dracunculus
• Sea Dew: RosemaryRosemarinus Officinalis
• Sea Spirit: BladderwrackFucus Vesiculosis
• Seal Root: Solomon’s SealPolygonatum Multiflorum, Polygonatum Commutatum, Polygonatum Biflorum
• See Bright: Clary SageSalvia Sclarea
• Seed of Horus: White HorehoundMarrubium Vulgare
• Semen of Ammon: HouseleekSempervivum tectorum
• Semen of Ares: CloverMedicago Sativa
• Semen of Helios: White HelleboreVeratrum, album
• Semen of Hephaistos: FleabaneErigeron annuus, Erigeron strigosus
• Semen of Herakles: Mustard Rocket/ArrugulaEruca sativa
• Semen of Hermes: DillPeucedanum graveolens
• Serpent’s Tongue: Dog’s Tooth VioletErythronium Americanum
• Seven Year’s Love: YarrowAchillea Millefolium
• Shameface: Wild GeraniumGeraniaum Maculatum
• Shepherd’s Heart: Shepherd’s PurseCapsella bursa-pastoris
• Silver Bells: Black HawVibrunum Prunifolium
• Silver Bough: ApplePyrus Spp, Malus spp.
• Silver Branch: ApplePyrus Spp, Malus spp.
• Simpler’s Joy: VervainVerbena officinalis
• Sleep Wort: LettuceLactuca, sativa
• Snake Grape: White Bryony/English MandrakeBryonia dioica
• Snake Head: BalmonyChelone Glabra
• Snake Lily: Blue FlagIris versicolor
• Snakeberry: Woody NightshadeCelastrus scandens
• Snake’s Ball of Thread: Soapstonesteatite
• Snake’s Grass: YarrowAchillea millefolium
• Snake’s Head: LeechHirudo medicinalis
• Snowbells: BenzoinStyrax Benzoin
• Soapwort: Daisy Bellis Perennis -or- Comfrey – Symphytum Officinale
• Soldier’s Cap: Dutchman’s BreechesDicentra cucullaria
• Son-Before-the-Father: ColtsfootTussilago Farfara
• Sorcerer’s Berry: BelladonnaAtropa belladonna
• Sorcerer’s Root: MandrakeAtropa Mandragora
• Sorcerer’s Violet: PeriwinkleVinca major, Vinca minor
• Sparrow’s Tongue: KnotweedPolygonum aviculare
• St. Bennet’s Herb: HemlockConium Maculatum
• St. James’ Wort: RagwortSenecio jacobaea
• St. John’s Plant: MugwortArtemisia Vulgaris
• St. John’s Herb: Hemp/Agrimony (this is not St. John’s Wort)Agrimonia Eupatoria
• St. Joseph’s Wort: Sweet BasilOcimum Basilicum
• St. George’s Herb: ValerianValeriana Officinalis
• St. Mary’s Seal: Solomon’s SealPolygonatum Multiflorum, Polygonatum Commutatum, Polygonatum Biflorum
• Star Flower: BorageBorago Officinalis
• Star of the Earth: AvensGeum urbanum
• Starweed: ChickweedStellaria Media
• Starwort: AsterCallistephus chinesis
• Summer’s Bride: CalendulaCalendula Officinalis
• Sweet Balm: Lemon BalmMelissa Officinalis
• Sweethearts: GoosegrassGalium Aparine
• Swine’s Snout: Dandelion leavesTaraxacum Officinale
T
• Tallow Shrub: BayberryMyrica cerifera
• Tanner’s Bark: Common OakQuercus, robur
• Tarragon: MugwortArtemisia Vulgaris
• Tartar Root: GinsengPanax quinquefolium
• Tear Grass: Job’s Tearscoix lachryma jobi
• Tears of a Hamadryas Baboon: Dill JuicePeucedanum graveolens
• Thor’s Helper: RowanSorbus Spp.
• Thousand Seal: YarrowAchillea Millefolium
• Thousand Weed: YarrowAchillea Millefolium
• Thunder Plant: HouseleekSempervivum tectorum
• Tiger’s Chaundron: Lady’s MantleAlchemilla Vulgaris
• Titan’s Blood: Wild LettuceLactuca virosa
• Toad: ToadflaxComandra Umbellata
• Toad Shade: TrilliumTrillium Species
• Toad Bastard: ToadflaxComandra Umbellata
• Toe of Frog: ButtercupRanunculus Acris
• Tongue of Dog: HoundstongueCynoglossum officinale
• Tooth of Wolf: Leaf of WolfsbaneAconitum Napellus, Agrimonia eupatoria
• Torches: Great MulleinVerbascum thapsus
• Tree of Chastity: HawthornCrataegus Oxycantha
• Tree of Doom: ElderSambucus Nigra
• Tree of Enchantment: White WillowSalix Alba
• Tree of Life: Yellow CedarThuja occidentalis
• Tree of Love: ApplePyrus Spp, Malus spp.
• True Love: BethrootTrillium Species
• Turtle Head: BalmonyChelone Glabra
U
• Unicorn Horn: True Unicorn RootAletris Farinosa -or- False UnicornHelonias Dioica
• Unicorn Root: BonesetEupatorium Perfoliatum -or- Ague Root/Star GrassAletris farinosa
• Unshoe-the-Horse: Moonwort FernBotrychium Lunaria
V
• Virgin Mary’s Nest: NutmegMyristica fragrans
W
• Wachsgagle: BayberryMyrica cerifera
• Water Dragon: Marsh MarigoldCaltha Palustris
• Wax Dolls: FumitoryFumaria officinalis
• Weasel Snout: Yellow Dead Nettles/Yellow ArchangelLamium Galeobdolon
• Weed: Ox-Eye DaisyChrysanthemum Leucanthemum
• White: Ox-eye DaisyChrysanthemum Leucanthemum
• White Man’s Foot: Common PlantainPlantago major
• White Wood: White CinnamonCanella, alba
• Winter Bloom: Witch HazelHammamelis virginiana
• Witch Bane: Mountain AshRowan Sorbus Spp.
• Witch Grass: Dog GrassAgropyron repens
• Witch Herb: MugwortArtemisia Vulgaris
• Witch Tree: Mountain AshRowan Sorbus Spp.
• Witch Wood: Mountain AshRowan Sorbus Spp.
• Witches’ Aspirin: White Willow Bark Salix Alba
• Witches’ Bells: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Witches’ Berry: BelladonnaAtropa belladonna
• Witches’ Brier: Brier HipsRosa Canina
• Witches’ Gloves: FoxgloveDigitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
• Witches’ Herb: Sweet BasilOcimum Basilicum
• Witches’ Weed: CinquefoilPotentilla Reptans, Potentilla Erecta
• Wolf Claw: Club MossLycopodiella alopecuroides
• Wolf Foot: Sweet BugleLycopus Virginicus
• Wolf Grape: Woody NightshadeCelastrus scandens
• Wolf’s Herb: ValerianValeriana Officinalis
• Wolf’s Milk: EuphorbiaEuphorbia spp.
• Wool of Bat: Holly leavesIlex Aquifolium